Australia has one of the highest rates of skin cancer in the world. Anyone can be at risk of developing skin cancer, and the risk increases as you get older.
Two in three Australians will be diagnosed with skin cancer by the time they are 70.
There are three main types of skin cancer. The most serious is melanoma.
Dermoscopy or Dermatoscopy
Dermoscopy or dermatoscopy refers to the examination of the skin using skin surface microscopy, and is also called ‘epiluminoscopy’ and ‘epiluminescent microscopy’. Derm(at)oscopy is mainly used to evaluate pigmented skin lesions. In experienced hands it can make it easier to diagnose melanoma.
IT IS IMPORTANT TO KEEP IN MIND:
People with certain risk factors are more likely than others to develop skin cancer. Risk factors vary for different types of skin cancer but some general risk factors are having:
-A lighter natural skin color.
-Family history of skin cancer.
-A personal history of skin cancer.
-Extensive exposure to the sun
-A history of indoor tanning.
-Skin that burns and/or freckles in the sun.
-Certain types of moles and/or presence of a large number of moles.
Because of the relatively benign nature of non-melanoma skin cancers, non-surgical treatment options have been developed over the last few decades.
Non-surgical treatments include cryotherapy, topical fluorouracil and imiquimod creams, as well as photodynamic therapy with methyl aminolevulinate hydrochloride.
Radiotherapy also provides an excellent alternative in many cases of non-melanoma skin cancer, particularly when surgery is relatively contraindicated. It is also useful as an adjunctive therapy to surgery in difficult or recurrent cases of skin cancer.